ITS2 database update V (with Dept. of Bioinformatics)

The internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) is a well-established marker for phylogenetic analyses in eukaryotes. A reliable resource for reference sequences and their secondary structures is the ITS2 database ( However, the database was last updated in 2011. Here, we present a major update of the underlying data almost doubling the number of entities. This increases the number of taxa represented within all major eukaryotic clades. Moreover, additional data has been added to underrepresented groups and some new groups have been added. The broader coverage across the tree of life improves phylogenetic analyses and the capability of ITS2 as a DNA barcode.